Muscular   This website shows some different fitness aspects of Outdoor activities. By Hank Meyer & Justin Searle.  
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Muscular and Core Stregnth Aspects of Life Outdoors

Paddling uses most of the muscles of the arms and shoulders. Research from Kingston University found that elite kayakers had greater circumferences of the upper arm, forearm and chest than less experienced kayakers or non-kayakers. Grip strength is also enhanced by paddling. The core muscles help provide a good torso twist in paddlesport, as well as aiding stability in the boat.

Different Types of paddles can affect your speed in a canoe or kayak. Double ended kayak paddles are higher for speed efficiency but canoe paddles are better for control. Different types of paddles include:

  • Straight Shaft Canoe Paddle (My Prefrence)
  • Bent Shaft Canoe Paddles
  • Dubble Ended Kayak Paddle (Also Common in Solo Pack Canoes)

Most of the major muscles involved in the paddling process in the upper body include the following:

Hank | Algonquin 2012
  • Latissimus Dorsi Muscles (Shoulder Muscles)
  • Rear Deltoid and the Trapezius Muscles (Back Muscles)

The Core Muscles that are used include:

  • Transversus Abdominis (Abdominal Muscles)
  • Internal and External Obliques
  • Erector Spinae (Lower Back Muscles)

As for lower body the muscles that are used are:

  • Hip Flexors (Used for stability)

Other important muscles used in paddlesports include:

  • Lower Chest Muscles
  • serratus anterior muscle (Upper Ribs)